April 04, 2020

IT’S ONE LIFE, YOUR LIFE….MAKE EVERY MOMENT COUNT!!

IT’S ONE LIFE, YOUR LIFE….MAKE EVERY MOMENT COUNT!! 


This brings me to the end. Remember it is all about self –esteem. Do not be hard on yourself, do not be too self –critical and self depreciating. 

“Who am I to do great things?” is an unnecessarily self – critical statement. 

In fact, be simple, human , innocent- like a child or a youth 

Commit yourself to yourself – your ambition, your hero and find your peace. Then work to learn and do work that flows from true learning. It is really as simple as that. 

It is your life, an only life. Make the most of it. Make every moment count. 

May the universe shower you with all its blessings! 

Happy life!

THE PROCESS OF LEARNING-2

THE PROCESS OF LEARNING-2


You must ask honest simple questions in your chosen field. (Your choice of profession could be anything, even random, it does not matter ). You must read, struggle, try to ask people. Every book, even a bad one, every person will give you something , you don’t stop, you question further, you search and slowly, I promise you , YOU , your brain will begin to understand , to see patterns, links, principles. You will naturally now be excited. Your field will become precious to you. You will feel powerful. You go on and then –LIGHT! You will get the secrets, the foundations, the principles. You will not know all the details but now you will know the path of your learning, You will know that you can know all the details because the field basically and in essentials is now clear to you.

You will discover the handful of people, first handed professionals in your field, the masters and leaders in your field. You will talk to them, read them, observe them. Yu will suddenly realize you are at a height and there is nobody else. You have become a leader and you will see above all hundreds of possibilities. You will works ceaselessly and every day you will confirm and learn further. You will become better and better! Yes, you will laugh and you will also feel terribly lonely because you will be alone with such a wonderful and precious possession – your knowledge!

STEPS OF THE LEARNING PROCESS

So, when you begin learning in your chosen field, remember the following STEPS AND POINTS .

You will have to struggle for some time . This means that you will have to read several books and meet several people in you field. Unfortunately the world yet doesn’t have the book for each field where everything is laid out . Knowledge – as a rule –is in the minds of a few great masters and professionals in each field .

A ‘bad ‘or “ an average’ book will also help you if you read it critically that is carefully . You will get basic information from which you can begin to ask the right questions.

Asking questions is very important. Learning is a process of convincing yourself. If you don’t ask questions, how will you be convinced? How will you reach the end of the process of understanding? Do not accept too easily. You must go on until you really understand, really get it .

You may accept but only for some time. Then you must ask 

How is this true?

Why is this true?

What is the evidence?

Who said it, when and in what context?

(iv) is a good question. It will take you to the history of your field. The historical development is a step by step improvement with new ideas emerging. It can be very illuminating.

Asking questions lead to answers and to further questions and to answers and to still further questions. Knowledge is not isolated but a ‘whole’, that is, knowledge is a linked, interconnected pattern and picture of many things .Real life is not made up of compartments.

The above process honestly carried out with sufficient amount of reading and talking to people is enough. You will get the light – the basics, the principles, the foundations in your field.

From here you are more free. You can think on your own, try out, experiment. At this stage you will be able to come to new conclusions, new ways of looking at your field and a VISION will soon form in your mind .

What is that vision, purpose that comes after learning? How do we implement that vision and have a huge impact on the world? 

True learning naturally leads to a lifelong work that is vision. This will be explored in the next chapter.

THE PROCESS OF TRUE LEARNING -1

THE PROCESS OF TRUE LEARNING -1 

You see now, dear reader, to know that one doesn’t know is also a great thing because in that act your brain centers are receptive . When you are saying truthfully – “I do not know “, you are actually saying ‘ I want to know ‘, ‘ I will know ‘ and then the whole earth is yours to see, to know, to discover, to play with, experiment with as you please. This is the secret of learning, this is what happened and happens to great visionaries whether they are scientists, inventors artists, politicians, philosophers, cricketers, mothers whatever. 

To be real and true is to see and use your brain but then really use it as a tool to know and discover NOT use it to memorize and recall and get marks. Yes! You are not a computer but a human being and now you will accept it if I say that the greatest fallacy, the greatest myth is that some are intelligent and others dull. To be born as a human being is to possess the power to look, see, know, feel, think, discover. If you didn’t have that power, you would not be all ! 

It is only this that explains a Newton , an Aristotle , a Socrates, a Buddha, a Kalpana Chawla….. 

Whatever they saw, they saw and then they were not the same! 

Have you observed their psychology? They are childlike, humble, as if they were noting! They did astounding things but to them it was simple and it really was because it was real and true, and their brains were on and they were not blind. 

You see, blindness is not just of the eyes, it also pertains to the 99% of people who do not know and do not see even one thing with their own eyes, minds & hearts! 

This too is a wonder! 

This explains all problems of the world, doesn’t it? 

There is no problem on earth but this and it is not a problem as such; it is plain, impotent, worthless ignorance, a plain nothingness and hence terrible suffering. 

Not to know, not to have discovered the process and power of true learning is the most pitiable thing. True learning is simple, natural like breathing. At least it should become like that. 

Now you might ask me –then what is it that the majority are doing? Don’t they know anything? 

They “know “things but for me to explain that, I must bring In the concept called ‘compartmentalized learning’. 

You can know physics but not biology (or the reverse) as it happen in the school. This is pretty common. People say “I am good at singing but not painting”, “My son Is good at Maths but poor in physics”. 

In work a man says –“I know CAD”, ‘I know C++ “,” I know how to design buildings “and so on. They are even paid for it. A professor says – “My specialty is economics. I know everything about it “And he does, in a manner of speaking. 

If you “ know “ physics but not Maths, it means you know physics in a somewhat detached, abstract way and in a disconnected way . You know for example mechanics, heat, light ,etc., separately. You know the formulas and you have accepted the explanation but, you see, such a person has not linked those facts with the whole world, to reality. 

He has learnt “heat” but he doesn’t see the “heat“ in things Heat is the phenomenon of energy of atoms inside a body Everything is made up of atoms. You feel it too. If you are sincere and honest, it will stagger your imagination. You will read and get more facts (even from bad books and bad teachers), you will ask further question and think and think and ask and answers will again be got –Dalton’s postulates, discovery of electrons and protons ,Rutherford’s experiments, Bohr’s model etc. 

Slowly a picture , almost a story , reality will emerge , the links will starts forming …it will take you slowly to the periodic table , to chemistry, to biology ,to geography ,to applications, to the industrial revolution, to politics etc. 

You see a series of questions lead to a greater understanding of the world. One question naturally leads to another and then to another and ultimately you are forced to understand the whole world! This is not a fantasy and we are not talking about details. You will get a basic understanding of the whole world. There are many who have this kind of holistic understanding. 

But think! If a person knows only a narrow compartment he has not asked how that particular information has come. He doesn’t know the roots of his knowledge so his knowledge hangs in air and only used as procedures in a narrow domain. To know how to design buildings using ready made formulas is not true knowledge. It is a procedure and you will now understand that such a person cannot go out of a procedure. He can do only that and cannot think beyond that. Of course the procedure is important in practical life but it is delimited and confined and cannot claim to be a deep, wide, powerful knowledge. 

So now you understand, most people only know procedures and hence cannot be leaders, that is, cannot hold a wide vision and do wonders. Remember also that a wide knowledge created by somebody leads to procedures ultimately, not the other way round. Somebody has to discover true knowledge so that the majority can then on earn a living through acquiring compartmentalized knowledge. 

So now I can answer the question –how to learn? We will see that in the next section.

DEVELOPING TRUE UNLIMITED AMBITION

DEVELOPING TRUE UNLIMITED AMBITION 



First, one must love oneself, i.e. one must value one’s life. We all start our lifelike that. When young nobody says I want to give up life, I don’t want a great life. I want to be loser. 

Your self-esteem must be brought back. I will tell you a secret of life, an open secret which people don’t usually tell you. It is a simple secret. 

You are the most important person in your life! This is a selfish attitude. But notice that it is a basic truth. Your life is important and precious, that means you are important and precious,. You are a value to yourself and hence to others and to the whole world. But then what is you? “You” means your true, honest self not some image of what others think or say about you. “You” means your real, actual self – your thoughts, your feelings. 

Can you start with that –become naked, strip yourself of all pretence and look at yourself? 

No, you don’t have to tell anybody anything. In fact in this context, others don’t count. We are not speaking of them now but you. 

Start from your life, your real self and do not be apologetic, self-critical, or anything. 

Just remember that your life is precious and life means to live (nothing else) and that you have to make that life. 

When you honestly be with yourself and not be tempted by the world’s false and worthless beliefs , you start liking yourself and you start wondering truly what to do with your life 

Simple questions would come to you. What is life? What is a career? What do I want? 

You will get the answers too. I want a great adventurous, exciting life. How? How to get it? 

You will decide one thing naturally. It would be anything and for any reason. It could be even a random reason. But you will commit to a field – one field. 

I will learn and struggle and know and do something important in my field- you will slowly commit. With that decision made you are free, peaceful and happy. You will suddenly realize - I have 30,40,50,60, years. You will realize, yes, I can make a true, great life. 

In that natural decision you will start learning, struggling to know, discover, understand your field. Learning is the core of life. Life means to know, to discover, to learn, to apply learning. It is through that that our love grows without limit. Learning, true learning is laughter. It is the human being unleashing his weapon, his reason, his intellect on to the world. The fire of learning burns forever and impacts on the world like nothing else. It leads to creation of values and that is the profound joy. 

What is involved in learning? That is what we will explore in the next chapter.

TRUE AMBITION VERSUS LIMITED AMBITION

TRUE AMBITION VERSUS LIMITED AMBITION


There are two kinds of ambition. In both types, the individual pursuing the ambition wants to ‘come up’ in life. Both kinds of ambition require energy and hard work. Yet there is a profound difference between the two. 

One kind of ambition is to get a name and respect in the minds of others, in society primarily. 

The second kind of ambition is to enjoy exploring a field and deriving great joy by creative work in the field. 

The first comes from fear that leads to losing one’s courage deep within and then on doing only what society expects us to do and spending a life time in satisfying that expectation. Since the desire is not based on what the person wants, truly wants, he does not derive a satisfaction or happiness finally but feels as if he missed life somewhere. This happens, not in youth but in midlife and usually many people go through this so called mid life crisis. 

But if all lived only a life of compromise and do only average work that is only a routine kind of work, would society survive? If all become mediocre, society will crash, in fact, in one day. This means there are a few , there must be a few who do all the work & create the work for others . 

Yes, such people have always existed in history. It is these people who carry the world forward. It is these people who gave us this magnificent world – scientifically and socially. It is these people who have the vision to see what is possible and achieve it! It is these people who are the real heroes with an extraordinary character and tremendous talent and true joy beating in their hearts. They burn with passion and know no rest! This is the second type of ambitions people and the real workers who create and take the world forward. 

What drives such people? 

Such people are very difficult to understand not because they are complicated but because they are clean, profoundly simple people, basically and at root. 

Such people love their work! More –they are mad about their work. Their work means more than anything else to them –even their true loved ones. Their work is their god and they are slaves, passionate slaves to their work . They are so consumed by their work that they cannot think of an alternative way of life. Take away work from their life and they are dead. That is why they cross all obstacles –for their work. That is why they achieve magnificent success, a little delayed and with unspeakable struggle but eventually. They mean business all the time. They cannot understand the link between ‘friendship’ and work. They despise, even hate those who compromise in their work and do mediocre work. They are merciless and aim at perfection, it is their love and they cannot spoil it. It would be the greatest sin to them. They are, hence, filled with unlimited energy and drive and even patience. They love their work so much that they can wait it out and work. Hence they win because the world needs them. They don’t fight for leadership. They find that they are forced to be leaders, as there is no one else! They are natural leaders. Nobody is around them who can come even close to what they can do. 

Such people control and rule the world. They may earn money, fame, position but it is an inevitable byproduct of their tremendous love. They like all these things but not too much. They know too well what they like and they move the world and are impatient with it . They brush aside the world and are, as a rule, innocent and pure. 

They look different but that is superficial. Inside such magnificent beings are all same. They are mad about their work-100%. 

This is true ambition, true living. What else can be life it not using one’s powers and losing fear completely? What else can be life if not being powerful personally, not forcing others? Life is work and passion and drive. To be human is to be human .i.e. use one’s mind to achieve, not manipulate others and cheat oneself ultimately of life. 

How does one develop such love, such a true unlimited ambition? 

That we will see in the next section

March 24, 2020

WHAT IS MY NAME? BY. P.SATYAVATHI (TRANSLATED BY VADREWU VIJAYALAXMI AND RANGA RAO)

WHAT IS MY NAME? BY. P.SATYAVATHI 

(TRANSLATED BY VADREWU VIJAYALAXMI AND RANGA RAO) 


Smt P. Satyavathi is one of those writers who have brought feminism to the peak in Telugu literature. Though she is aretired English lecturer, she has great understanding of the Telugu accent and the idiom of the respective regions. She is adept in portraying human experience universally. The technique of appealing to the readers by weaving the story wonderfully with a philosophical touch and theological aspect is her forte. She has published four anthologies of short stories, five novels and a collection of essays. She has won a number of prestigious awards. This story "What Is My Name" is originally published as "Illalakagaane Pandagouma" in Telugu in 1990 and has been translated into almost all the south Indian languages and Hindi.


ONCE UPON A TIME (POEM) BY GABRIEL OKARA

ONCE UPON A TIME (POEM) BY GABRIEL OKARA 

Gabriel Okara is an Aftrican poet. He was born in 1921 in Nigeria. He was educated at Government College, Umuahia. His parents were not rich. He worked as a book binder and later as an information officer at Enugu. He also wrote plays and features for broadcasting and became a poet of outstanding ability. His poems appeared regularly in Black Orpheus. He has also written a novel called Voice.


JAMAICAN FRAGMENT

JAMAICAN FRAGMENT 

Arthur Lemière Hendriks (1922-1992) was a Jamaican poet, Writer, and broadcasting director (known as Micky Hendriks in his broadcasting career). He was bom in 1922 in Kingston, Jamaica, to a Jamaican father and a French mother. He was particularly well known for his contributions to the Christian Science Monitor, The Daily Gleaner, and BIM. He also contributed as a columnist and literary critic to the Daily Gleaner. He died in 1992 at the age of 69.


UNITY IN DIVERSITY IN INDIA

UNITY IN DIVERSITY IN INDIA 


India, a country of many ethnic groups, is a land of myriad languages, a veritable babel of tongues and numerous modes of apparel. For the most part, the continental dimensions of the country account for these variations and diversities. Besides, there are several religions, sects and beliefs. But there are certain common links and uniting bonds that people have sought to develop in order to achieve the eminently desirable goal of unity amidst diversity. It is true that superficial observers are likely to be bewildered by the astonishing variety of Indian life. They fail to discover the one in many, the individual, in the aggregate; the simple in the composite. With them the whole is lost in its parts. What is needed is the superior interpretation, synthesis of the power of the mind that can give rise to a vision of the whole.


A PLEA FOR INDIA (POEM)

A PLEA FOR INDIA (POEM) 


We, Indians are proud to be a strong nation, 

our roots, we declare, cannot be shaken. 

Then why these fights, 

which leave us in poor plight? 

Irrespective of our region, 

forget the castes, 

which makes us lose our charm, 

let's ignore the selfish call of each region. and listen for once to the call of the nation. why do we spend our time bickering? 

when so many tasks need finishing. 

Don't we have better things to do? 

Than indulge in creating problems a new? 

Is all this violence needed? 

with the people being cheated! 

Who will return this only son? 

Whom she loves a ton, 

Who will bring back his brother? 

Whose ashes he is still to gather. 

Where has all the love gone? 

Which resided in the heart of all, 

there is no reason to be proud, 

and be on high cloud, 

we have to go a long way. 

we have to think seriously. 

Else we end up miserably. 

Then let our minds throw out the rot, 

And devote our time to pious thoughts, 

Let us control the riots, 

which leave us with no choice, 

But to hang our heads in shame, 

And say we have miserably failed, 

We have the power to win, 

So why not end this din, 

Let us unite, 

And fight against those who incite, 

Let us not be misled, 

By those who want to see us dead, 

We are a strong united nation 

All we need is a bit of dedication.

MY CHILDHOOD (DR. AVUL PAKIR JAINULABDEEN ABDUL KALAM)

MY CHILDHOOD (DR. AVUL PAKIR JAINULABDEEN ABDUL KALAM) 

Dr. Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam, was bom on 15th October 1931 at Rameswaram in Tamil Nadu. He was responsible for the evoluțion of ISRO's launch vehicle programme, particularly the PSIV configuration and for the development and operationalisation of AGNI and PRITHVI Missiles and for building indigenous capability in critical technologies through networking of multiple institutions. In his literary pursuit four of Dr. Kalam's books - "Wings of Fire", "India 2020 - A Vision for the New Millennium", "My Journey" and "Ignited Minds - Unleashing the power within India" have become household names in India and among the Indian nationals abroad. Dr. Kalamreceived honorary doctorates from 30 universities and institutions. He was awarded the coveted civilian awards - Padma Bhushan (1981) and Padma Vibhushan (1990) and the highest civilian award Bharat Ratna (1997). Dr. Kalam became the 11th President of India on 25th July 2002. 

************************

Read the following extract from Wings of Fire, where the former President of India speaks of his childhood. 

MY CHILDHOOD 

I was bom into a middle - class Tamil family in the island town of Rameswaram in the erstwhile Madras State. My father, Jainulabdeen , had neither much formal education nor much wealth; despite these disadvantages, he possessed great innate wisdom and a true generosity of spirit. He had an ideal helpmate in my mother, Ashiamma. I do not recall the exact number of people she fed every day, but I am quite certain that far more outsiders ate with us than all the members of our own family put together. I was one of the children - a short boy with rather undistinguished looks, born to tall and handsome parents. We lived in our ancestral house, which was built in the middle of the nineteenth century. It was a fairly large pucca house, made of limestone and brick, on the Mosque Street in Rameswaram. My austere father used to avoid all inessential comforts and luxuries. However, all necessities were provided for, in terms of food, medicine or clothes. In fact, I would say mine was a very secure childhood, both materially and emotionally.


A TALE OF THREE VILLAGES

A TALE OF THREE VILLAGES 

Koko Village, Nigeria 

Mr. Sunday Nana, his wife and fou small children live in Koko Village, Nigeria . The village is like any other African village-picturesque, colourful and noisy. The Nana family's house, too, is the same as all the other houses in the village, with mud walls and a rusting comugated iron roof, and with children and chickens sharing the compound.


OR WILL THE DREAMER WAKE? (POEM) BY MEDIRA CHEVALIER

OR WILL THE DREAMER WAKE? (POEM) BY MEDIRA CHEVALIER 

Medora Chevalier is the 21st century poet. She is a well-known writer of present day. She writes about all contemporary themes. In this poem - Or will the Dreamer Wake? She writes about how the animals would become extinct if they are not protected.


ENVIRONMENT

ENVIRONMENT 

(Interview with Wangari Maathai, Environmental Activist and Nobel Prize winner) 

Wangari Maathai started the Green Belt Movement and also fought for equal rights for women in Africa. She is the first African woman to win the Nobel Peace Prize. Read the excerpts from her interview with NHK Radio (Japan). NHK Radio : How did you become aware of the environment? WM: From the time we started, we were trying to respond to the basic needs of people in the nural areas; and people were asking for clean drinking water, for food, for energy (which is mostly firewood), for building material, for fodder for the animals...................


ABANDONED (POEM) BY DR. SURAYA NASIM

ABANDONED (POEM) BY DR. SURAYA NASIM 

The poetry Dr. Suraya Nasim writes is straight from the heart. It has no fixed pattern. It doesn't follow any particular rule. The poems come as a flow. His poems are simple and easy to read and hopefully easier to understand. English was one of his favorite subjects in school along with science. The prescriptions he writes are from the brain but the poems he writes are definitely from his heart. He was nominated for the Booker Award in 2013.


THE STOREYD HOUSE (PART – I and II)

THE STOREYD HOUSE (PART – I and II) 

There was something really wrong with the State Transport bus. It had come up the winding road in the mountain as if with a life-time effort. The road was now down-hill and yet the bus moved as slowly as a sick man walking with the help ofanother. It reached the plain where the dispensary building was situated, and stood still, like an obstinate bull. Now, the destination was hardly a mile or two away. But the driver was sore and the conductor had no option but to be silent. When they realized that the bus wouldn't move any faster, a couple of passengers exclaimed: "Goddammit for a bloody nuisance!" The conductor asked the passengers to get down and they all put their strength together to push the bus. Having gained this initial momentum. the buis started. Passengers clambered up. jostling one another. The conductor rang the bell and the bus gradually took on speed. It entered the village reluctantly like a muant child being dragged to school. As it wound its way through the cuves on the outskirts, it groaned and croaked like a hen about to lay eggs, and stopped with a bang in front of Blhujaba Patil's residence............


THE STOREYD HOUSE (PART - II)

A TRIBUTE (SAVITRI)

A TRIBUTE (SAVITRI) 


Savitri is one such prestigious artiste. Savitri's amazing talent was in full form in 'Missamma', a hit comedy that established Savitri's place firmly as a star. Mary in the film comes into an agreement with a Hindu youth, MT Rao (NTR) to pretend as a couple in order to get a job in a school. Mary was a Christian to the core, whereas Rao was a tolerant Hindu. What results in is a three hour pure comedy for the audience! Savitri was adored for the matchless ease in expression. Meena Kumari,the heroine of Hindi films said, "when I watch Savitri's acting. I usually get doubts about my own acting". Her strikingly expressive eyes and her superb sense of timing made her one of the greatest actresses. Amitabh Bacchan felt. 'Savitri was one of the first actresses with unbelievable spontaneity'. Maya Bazaar is another film that brought fame to Savitri. She played the role of Sasirekha. Recollecting the 16- annas Telugu lass clad in parikini, in the song 'allibilli ammayiki...'reminds us of Telugu culture of rich telugu culture of yesteryears.

MAYA BAZAAR

MAYA BAZAAR 

K. V. Reddy's Maya Bazaar'has been voted as the 'Greatest Indian Film' in an online poll conducted by a television news channel. The poll was conducted to find out India's greatest film till date, on the occasion of 100 Years of Indian Cinema and people chose Maya Bazaar'over other Indian classics. The film is considered one of the enduring classics of Indian cinema and was christened as a landmark achievement in Indian film's cinematography, art direction and VFX with the available technology during that time. The following is a review on the film when it celebrated the Golden Jubilee in 2007. 'Maya Bazaar' forever!


RENDEZVOUS WITH RAY

RENDEZVOUS WITH RAY 

It was a unique friendship that developed between a French-Canadian priest and one of the world's greatest film directors, and had a singular impact on Bengali films both academically and practically. It was en-route to India in1961, at a stopover in New York, that 26-year- old Fr. Gaston Roberge was acquainted with the works of Satyajit Ray through the Apu Trilogy. He found the world of Apu so fascinating that he saw all three films in one sitting; and there began his longstanding love affair with the people of India and Bengali cinema and culture, which led to path-breaking work in those fields. In his latest book. Satyajit Ray, Essays 1970-2005, a compilation of his essays as the name suggests, being published by Manohar Publishers, New Delli, Roberge provides a scholarly. original analysis of Ray's works, giving an insight into the greatness of Ray both as a person and as an artist.


THE NEVER-NEVER NEST


THE NEVER-NEVER NEST

ANOTHER WOMAN (POEM) BY MS.IMTIAZ DHARKER



ANOTHER WOMAN (POEM) BY MS.IMTIAZ DHARKER 

Ms.Imtiaz Dharker was bom in Lahore in Pakistan in 1954 and brought up in Glasgow, Scotland. She is ranked on par with some of the famous women poets of India such as, Kamala Das, Sujatha Bhatt and Tara Patel. She is not only a poet but also a painter and an accomplished documentary film maker. Her collections of poetry include Purdah,Postcards from God, and I Speak for the Devil, The Terrorist at My Table and Leaving Fingerprints.


THE JOURNEY BY YESHE DORJEE THONGCHI (TRANSLATED BY D P NATH)

THE JOURNEY BY YESHE DORJEE THONGCHI (TRANSLATED BY D P NATH) 

Yeshe Dorjee Thongchi (born in May, 1952) is a prominent name in Assamese literature. Though he grew up in poverty, he studied well and entered Anumachal Pradesh Civil Service and was laterelevated to the Indian Administrative Service. He writes fiction, drama and essays in Assamese and English. He has received national recognition with his novel 'Mouna Ounth Mukhar Hriday', which won the Sahitya Academy award in 2005. Many of Thongchi's novels, including Sonam, deal with the cultural life of the Monpa and the Sherdukpen tribes of Anınachal Pradesh.


THE BRAVE POTTER BY MARGUERITE SIEK

THE BRAVE POTTER BY MARGUERITE SIEK 

Marguerite Siek was a great story teller. He was very much interested in telling folk and mythological stories of Asia. He travelled across many Asian countries and collected interesting short stories from various countries and published them in English. He translated many famous Indian folk stories into English. The present short story "The Brave Potter' is a very popular Telugu one collected by him from India.

THE DEAR DEPARTED (PART - I) BY WILLIAM STANLEY HOUGHTOR

THE DEAR DEPARTED (PART - I) BY WILLIAM STANLEY HOUGHTOR 

William Stanley Houghton (1881 - 1913) was a famous English dramatist. He was one of the best of a group of realistic playwrights often called the Manchester School. In every play he sought to present an idea. He had a remarkable gift for dialogue that is evident in 'The Dear Departed'. The Dear Departed was first produced in Manchester in 1908. Here Houghton satirizes the degradation of moral values in the British middle-class.
THE DEAR DEPARTED (PART - II)

I WILL DO IT BY SUDHA MURTHY

I WILL DO IT BY SUDHA MURTHY 

Sudha Murthy, wife of N.R. Narayana Murthy, is an Indian social worker and author. Murthy began her professional career as a computer scientist and engineer. She is the chairperson of the Infosys Foundation. She has founded several orphanages, participated in rural development efforts, supported the movemeat to provide all Kamataka government schools with computer and library facilities, and established the 'The Murthy Classical Library of India' at Harvard University. Murthy also teaches Computer Science and composed fiction. Dollar Sose. The present story is an extract from one of her most successful stories 'How I Taught my Grandmother to Read and Other Stories.'


EVERY SUCCESS STORY IS ALSO A STORY OF GREAT FAILURES BY SHIV KHERA

EVERY SUCCESS STORY IS ALSO A STORY OF GREAT FAILURES BY SHIV KHERA 

Shiv Khera is an Indian author of self-help books and activist. While working in the United States, he was inspired by a lecture delivered by Norman Vincent Peale and followed his motivational teachings. Khera has written several books including You Can Win. His mission is "to ensure freedom through education and justice." Shiv Khera was born in a business family who used to have coal mines Kendua in Dhanbad, India. Soon after the nationalisation of coal mines by the Indian Government, he had to search for his own living. In his early years he worked as a car washer, a life insurance agent, and a franchise operator before he became a motivational speaker.

ATTITUDE IS ALTITUDE


ATTITUDE IS ALTITUDE 


Imagine having no arms to stretch in the morning, to help you scratch that itch, to allow you to wrap your arms around your loved ones. Imagine having no legs to kick pebbles down the street, to walk or run, to bicycle or skateboard, or get you from point A to point B. Then imagine both at once, which is what Nick Vujicic has faced his whole life. Have you heard something like this before?



March 23, 2020

ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE – CYCLONE


ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE – CYCLONE

ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE - ECOLOGICAL SUCCESSION FOOD WEBS AND ECOLOGICAL PYRAMIDS


ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE - ECOLOGICAL SUCCESSION FOOD WEBS AND ECOLOGICAL PYRAMIDS

ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE - ENVIRONMENTAL VALUES


ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE - ENVIRONMENTAL VALUES

ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE - GRASSLAND ECOSYSTEM


ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE - GRASSLAND ECOSYSTEM

ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE - INDIAN LEGISLATIVE STEPS TO PROTECT OUR ENVIRONMENT


ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE - INDIAN LEGISLATIVE STEPS TO PROTECT OUR ENVIRONMENT

ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE - WATER MANAGEMENT PRACTICES


ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE - WATER MANAGEMENT PRACTICES

ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE - DEALING WITH INDUSTRIAL WASTE


ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE - DEALING WITH INDUSTRIAL WASTE

ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE - EFFECTS AND CONTROLS OF WATER POLLUTION


ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE - EFFECTS AND CONTROLS OF WATER POLLUTION

ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE - FOREST ECOSYSTEM


ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE - FOREST ECOSYSTEM

ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE - INDIA AS AMEGADIVERSITY NATION


ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE - INDIA AS AMEGADIVERSITY NATION

ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE - IMPACT OF HUMAN POPULATION ON ENVIRONMENT


ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE - IMPACT OF HUMAN POPULATION ON ENVIRONMENT

ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE - INDUSTRIES AND WASTE


ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE - INDUSTRIES AND WASTE

ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE - NATURAL DYE


ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE - NATURAL DYE

ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE - NUCLEAR HAZARDS


ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE - NUCLEAR HAZARDS

ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE - RENEWABLE ENERGY RESOURCES ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT


ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE - RENEWABLE ENERGY RESOURCES ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT

ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE - SEX RATIO


ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE - SEX RATIO

ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE - THE SECRET OF TASTE 'CHILLI'


ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE - THE SECRET OF TASTE 'CHILLI'

ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE - TREASURE OF EARTH


ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE - TREASURE OF EARTH

ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE - AIR POLLUTION


ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE - AIR POLLUTION

ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE - AGONY OF THE SEAS


ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE - AGONY OF THE SEAS

ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE - BIODIVERSITY AND IT'S CONSERVATION


ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE - BIODIVERSITY AND IT'S CONSERVATION

ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE - ENVIRONMENTAL RIGHT


ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE - ENVIRONMENTAL RIGHT

ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE - ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT


ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE - ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT

ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE - BIODIVERSITY AN INTRODUCTION


ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE - BIODIVERSITY AN INTRODUCTION

ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE - CONCEPT OF ENVIRONMENT


NATURAL AND APPLIED SCIENCES - ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE - CONCEPT OF ENVIRONMENT

March 22, 2020

ECOLOGY AND UTILIZATION OF PLANTS – MORPHOLOGICAL AND ANATOMICAL RESPONSES OF PLANTS TO WATER


ECOLOGY AND UTILIZATION OF PLANTS – MORPHOLOGICAL AND ANATOMICAL RESPONSES OF PLANTS TO WATER

ECOLOGY AND UTILIZATION OF PLANTS – BIOGEOCHEMICAL CARBON CYCLE


ECOLOGY AND UTILIZATION OF PLANTS – BIOGEOCHEMICAL CARBON CYCLE

ECOLOGY AND UTILIZATION OF PLANTS – ATMOSPHERE COMPOSITION AND SATISFACTION


ECOLOGY AND UTILIZATION OF PLANTS – ATMOSPHERE COMPOSITION AND SATISFACTION

ECOLOGY AND UTILIZATION OF PLANTS – ENERGY FLOW IN AUTOTROPHIC AND DETRITUS BASED ECOSYSTEM


ECOLOGY AND UTILIZATION OF PLANTS – ENERGY FLOW IN AUTOTROPHIC AND DETRITUS BASED ECOSYSTEM

ECOLOGY AND UTILIZATION OF PLANTS – MORPHOLOGICAL, ANATOMICAL AND PHYSIOLOGICAL RESPONSES OF PLANTS TO SALINITY


ECOLOGY AND UTILIZATION OF PLANTS – MORPHOLOGICAL, ANATOMICAL AND PHYSIOLOGICAL RESPONSES OF PLANTS TO SALINITY

ECOLOGY AND UTILIZATION OF PLANTS – POPULATION CHARACTERISTICS


ECOLOGY AND UTILIZATION OF PLANTS – POPULATION CHARACTERISTICS

ECOLOGY AND UTILIZATION OF PLANTS – SOIL DEVELOPMENT AND WEATHERING


ECOLOGY AND UTILIZATION OF PLANTS – SOIL DEVELOPMENT AND WEATHERING

ECOLOGY AND UTILIZATION OF PLANTS – STRUCTURE & FORMATION OF ECOSYSTEM


ECOLOGY AND UTILIZATION OF PLANTS – STRUCTURE & FORMATION OF ECOSYSTEM

ECOLOGY AND UTILIZATION OF PLANTS – SPICES AND CONDIMENTS CORRECTED


ECOLOGY AND UTILIZATION OF PLANTS – SPICES AND CONDIMENTS CORRECTED

ECOLOGY AND UTILIZATION OF PLANTS – PRESENTATION OF DEMOGRAPHIC DATA


ECOLOGY AND UTILIZATION OF PLANTS – PRESENTATION OF DEMOGRAPHIC DATA

ECOLOGY AND UTILIZATION OF PLANTS – BAMBOO


ECOLOGY AND UTILIZATION OF PLANTS – BAMBOO

ECOLOGY AND UTILIZATION OF PLANTS – PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF SOIL


ECOLOGY AND UTILIZATION OF PLANTS – PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF SOIL

ECOLOGY AND UTILIZATION OF PLANTS – BIOGEOGRAPHIC REGION OF INDIA


ECOLOGY AND UTILIZATION OF PLANTS – BIOGEOGRAPHIC REGION OF INDIA

ECOLOGY AND UTILIZATION OF PLANTS – RICE BOTANY, CULTIVATION AND ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE


ECOLOGY AND UTILIZATION OF PLANTS – RICE BOTANY, CULTIVATION AND ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE

ECOLOGY AND UTILIZATION OF PLANTS – BOTANY, CULTIVATION AND PROCESSING OF TEA


ECOLOGY AND UTILIZATION OF PLANTS – BOTANY, CULTIVATION AND PROCESSING OF TEA

ECOLOGY AND UTILIZATION OF PLANTS – BOTANY, CULTIVATION AND ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF SUGARCANE


ECOLOGY AND UTILIZATION OF PLANTS – BOTANY, CULTIVATION AND ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF SUGARCANE

ECOLOGY AND UTILIZATION OF PLANTS – APPLE


ECOLOGY AND UTILIZATION OF PLANTS – APPLE

ECOLOGY AND UTILIZATION OF PLANTS – BIOGEOCHEMICAL PHOSPHORUS CYCLING


ECOLOGY AND UTILIZATION OF PLANTS – BIOGEOCHEMICAL PHOSPHORUS CYCLING

ECOLOGY AND UTILIZATION OF PLANTS – BIOLOGICAL NITROGEN FIXATION CORRECTED


ECOLOGY AND UTILIZATION OF PLANTS – BIOLOGICAL NITROGEN FIXATION CORRECTED

ECOLOGY AND UTILIZATION OF PLANTS – BOTANY, CULTIVATION & ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF WHEAT


ECOLOGY AND UTILIZATION OF PLANTS – BOTANY, CULTIVATION & ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF WHEAT

ECOLOGY AND UTILIZATION OF PLANTS – COCONUT BOTANY, CULTIVATION AND ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE


ECOLOGY AND UTILIZATION OF PLANTS – COCONUT BOTANY, CULTIVATION AND ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE

ECOLOGY AND UTILIZATION OF PLANTS – COFFEE BOTANY, CULTIVATION AND PROCESSING


ECOLOGY AND UTILIZATION OF PLANTS – COFFEE BOTANY, CULTIVATION AND PROCESSING

ECOLOGY AND UTILIZATION OF PLANTS – COMMUNITY AND IT'S CHARACTERISTICS


ECOLOGY AND UTILIZATION OF PLANTS – COMMUNITY AND IT'S CHARACTERISTICS

ECOLOGY AND UTILIZATION OF PLANTS – FIREWOOD AND TIMBER SOURCES


ECOLOGY AND UTILIZATION OF PLANTS – FIREWOOD AND TIMBER SOURCES

ECOLOGY AND UTILIZATION OF PLANTS – GROUNDNUT BOTANY, CULTIVATION AND ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE


ECOLOGY AND UTILIZATION OF PLANTS – GROUNDNUT BOTANY, CULTIVATION AND ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE

ECOLOGY AND UTILIZATION OF PLANTS – MAIZE


ECOLOGY AND UTILIZATION OF PLANTS – MAIZE

ECOLOGY AND UTILIZATION OF PLANTS - MORPHOLOGICAL & ANATOMICAL RESPONSES OF PLANTS TO WATER


ECOLOGY AND UTILIZATION OF PLANTS - MORPHOLOGICAL & ANATOMICAL RESPONSES OF PLANTS TO WATER

ECOLOGY AND UTILIZATION OF PLANTS - MUSTARD BOTANY, CULTIVATION & ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE


ECOLOGY AND UTILIZATION OF PLANTS - MUSTARD BOTANY, CULTIVATION & ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE

March 21, 2020

ECOLOGY AND UTILIZATION OF PLANTS - MORPHOLOGICAL, ANATOMICAL AND PHYSIOLOGY ADAPTATION OF PLANTS TO LIGHT


ECOLOGY AND UTILIZATION OF PLANTS - MORPHOLOGICAL, ANATOMICAL AND PHYSIOLOGY ADAPTATION OF PLANTS TO LIGHT

ECOLOGY AND UTILIZATION OF PLANTS - POTATO BOTANY, CULTIVATION & ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE


ECOLOGY AND UTILIZATION OF PLANTS - POTATO BOTANY, CULTIVATION & ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE

ECOLOGY AND UTILIZATION OF PLANTS - RUBBER BOTANY CULTIVATION PROCESSING AND USES


ECOLOGY AND UTILIZATION OF PLANTS - RUBBER BOTANY CULTIVATION PROCESSING AND USES

ECOLOGY AND UTILIZATION OF PLANTS - SAFFRON MORPHOLOGY, CULTIVATION AND ECONOMIC VALUES


ECOLOGY AND UTILIZATION OF PLANTS - SAFFRON MORPHOLOGY, CULTIVATION AND ECONOMIC VALUES

ECOLOGY AND UTILIZATION OF PLANTS - SOIL PROFILE


NATURAL AND APPLIED SCIENCES ECOLOGY AND UTILIZATION OF PLANTS - SOIL PROFILE

PLANT PHYSIOLOGY, BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY-LIPIDS


PLANT PHYSIOLOGY, BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY-LIPIDS

PLANT PHYSIOLOGY, BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY-CYTOKININS HISTORY OF DISCOVERY, BIOSYNTHESIS AND MECHANISM OF ACTION


PLANT PHYSIOLOGY, BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY-CYTOKININS HISTORY OF DISCOVERY, BIOSYNTHESIS AND MECHANISM OF ACTION

PLANT PHYSIOLOGY, BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY-PHYTOCHROME DISCOVERY, ROLE AND MECHANISM OF ACTION


PLANT PHYSIOLOGY, BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY-PHYTOCHROME DISCOVERY, ROLE AND MECHANISM OF ACTION

PLANT PHYSIOLOGY, BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY-KREBS CYCLE (CITRIC ACID CYCLE/ TCA CYCLES)


PLANT PHYSIOLOGY, BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY-KREBS CYCLE (CITRIC ACID CYCLE/ TCA CYCLES)

PLANT PHYSIOLOGY, BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY-DIFFUSION, OSMOSIS AND ABSORPTION


PLANT PHYSIOLOGY, BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY-DIFFUSION, OSMOSIS AND ABSORPTION

PLANT PHYSIOLOGY, BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY-AUXINS HISTORY, BIOSYNTHESIS AND ROLE IN PLANT GROWTH


PLANT PHYSIOLOGY, BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY-AUXINS HISTORY, BIOSYNTHESIS AND ROLE IN PLANT GROWTH

PLANT PHYSIOLOGY, BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY-OXIDATIVE PHOSPHORYLATION


PLANT PHYSIOLOGY, BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY-OXIDATIVE PHOSPHORYLATION

PLANT PHYSIOLOGY, BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY-BETA OXIDATION


PLANT PHYSIOLOGY, BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY-BETA OXIDATION

PLANT PHYSIOLOGY, BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY-BIOGEOCHEMICAL CARBON CYCLE


PLANT PHYSIOLOGY, BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY-BIOGEOCHEMICAL CARBON CYCLE

March 20, 2020

PLANT PHYSIOLOGY, BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY-DARK PHASE OF PHOTOSYNTHESIS


PLANT PHYSIOLOGY, BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY-DARK PHASE OF PHOTOSYNTHESIS

PLANT PHYSIOLOGY, BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY-DISCOVERY, NOMENCLATURE & CHARACTERISTICS OF ENZYMES


PLANT PHYSIOLOGY, BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY-DISCOVERY, NOMENCLATURE & CHARACTERISTICS OF ENZYMES

PLANT PHYSIOLOGY, BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY-ELECTRON TRANSPORT MECHANISM


PLANT PHYSIOLOGY, BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY-ELECTRON TRANSPORT MECHANISM

PLANT PHYSIOLOGY, BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY-ETHYLENE CORRECTED


PLANT PHYSIOLOGY, BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY-ETHYLENE CORRECTED

PLANT PHYSIOLOGY, BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY-FATTY ACID BIOSYNTHESIS


PLANT PHYSIOLOGY, BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY-FATTY ACID BIOSYNTHESIS

PLANT PHYSIOLOGY, BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY-GIBERLIN


PLANT PHYSIOLOGY, BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY-GIBERLIN

PLANT PHYSIOLOGY, BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY-GLYCOLYSIS


PLANT PHYSIOLOGY, BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY-GLYCOLYSIS

PLANT PHYSIOLOGY, BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY-GROWTH PHASES AND KENITICS IN PLANTS


PLANT PHYSIOLOGY, BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY-GROWTH PHASES AND KENITICS IN PLANTS

PLANT PHYSIOLOGY, BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY-MACRONUTRIENTS


PLANT PHYSIOLOGY, BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY-MACRONUTRIENTS

PLANT PHYSIOLOGY, BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY-MECHANISM OF ENZYME ACTION


PLANT PHYSIOLOGY, BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY-MECHANISM OF ENZYME ACTION

PLANT PHYSIOLOGY, BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY-MECHANISM OF PHLOEM TRANSPORT


PLANT PHYSIOLOGY, BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY-MECHANISM OF PHLOEM TRANSPORT

PLANT PHYSIOLOGY, BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY-NITROGEN UPTAKE AND ASSIMILATION


PLANT PHYSIOLOGY, BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY-NITROGEN UPTAKE AND ASSIMILATION

PLANT PHYSIOLOGY, BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY-PENTOSE PHOSPHATE PATHWAY


PLANT PHYSIOLOGY, BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY-PENTOSE PHOSPHATE PATHWAY

PLANT PHYSIOLOGY, BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY-PHYSIOLOGY OF FLOWERING


PLANT PHYSIOLOGY, BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY-PHYSIOLOGY OF FLOWERING

PLANT PHYSIOLOGY, BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY-PLANT SENESCENCE


PLANT PHYSIOLOGY, BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY-PLANT SENESCENCE

PLANT PHYSIOLOGY, BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY-PLANT TISSUE CULTURE TECHNIQUES


PLANT PHYSIOLOGY, BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY-PLANT TISSUE CULTURE TECHNIQUES

PLANT PHYSIOLOGY, BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY-RESPIRATION


PLANT PHYSIOLOGY, BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY-RESPIRATION

PLANT PHYSIOLOGY, BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY-TOOLS AND TECHNIQUES OF RECOMBINANT DNA TECHNOLOGY


PLANT PHYSIOLOGY, BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY-TOOLS AND TECHNIQUES OF RECOMBINANT DNA TECHNOLOGY

PLANT PHYSIOLOGY, BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY-APPLICATIONS OF CROP BIOTECHNOLOGY


NATURAL AND APPLIED SCIENCES PLANT PHYSIOLOGY, BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY-APPLICATIONS OF CROP BIOTECHNOLOGY

March 19, 2020

STRUCTURE, DEVELOPMENT AND REPRODUCTION IN FLOWERING PLANTS – EVOLUTION OF FRUITS AND SEEDS IN RELATION TO THEIR DISPERSAL


STRUCTURE, DEVELOPMENT AND REPRODUCTION IN FLOWERING PLANTS – EVOLUTION OF FRUITS AND SEEDS IN RELATION TO THEIR DISPERSAL

STRUCTURE, DEVELOPMENT AND REPRODUCTION IN FLOWERING PLANTS – TAXONOMY AND DIVERSITY OF APOCYANACEAE


STRUCTURE, DEVELOPMENT AND REPRODUCTION IN FLOWERING PLANTS – TAXONOMY AND DIVERSITY OF APOCYANACEAE

STRUCTURE, DEVELOPMENT AND REPRODUCTION IN FLOWERING PLANTS – TYPES OF FEMALE GAMETOPHYTE IN ANGEOSPERM-1I


STRUCTURE, DEVELOPMENT AND REPRODUCTION IN FLOWERING PLANTS – TYPES OF FEMALE GAMETOPHYTE IN ANGEOSPERM-1I

STRUCTURE, DEVELOPMENT AND REPRODUCTION IN FLOWERING PLANTS – TYPES OF FEMALE GAMETOPHYTE IN ANGEOSPERM-1


STRUCTURE, DEVELOPMENT AND REPRODUCTION IN FLOWERING PLANTS – TYPES OF FEMALE GAMETOPHYTE IN ANGEOSPERM-1

STRUCTURE, DEVELOPMENT AND REPRODUCTION IN FLOWERING PLANTS – BIOCHEMICAL COEVOLUTION


STRUCTURE, DEVELOPMENT AND REPRODUCTION IN FLOWERING PLANTS – BIOCHEMICAL COEVOLUTION

STRUCTURE, DEVELOPMENT AND REPRODUCTION IN FLOWERING PLANTS – VEGETATIVE PROPAGATION NATURAL MEANS AND METHODS


STRUCTURE, DEVELOPMENT AND REPRODUCTION IN FLOWERING PLANTS – VEGETATIVE PROPAGATION NATURAL MEANS AND METHODS

STRUCTURE, DEVELOPMENT AND REPRODUCTION IN FLOWERING PLANTS – COEVOLUTION OF FLOWERS AND INSECT


STRUCTURE, DEVELOPMENT AND REPRODUCTION IN FLOWERING PLANTS – COEVOLUTION OF FLOWERS AND INSECT

STRUCTURE, DEVELOPMENT AND REPRODUCTION IN FLOWERING PLANTS – DOUBLE FERTILIZATION PROCESS MECHANISM AND SIGNIFICANCE


STRUCTURE, DEVELOPMENT AND REPRODUCTION IN FLOWERING PLANTS – DOUBLE FERTILIZATION PROCESS MECHANISM AND SIGNIFICANCE

STRUCTURE, DEVELOPMENT AND REPRODUCTION IN FLOWERING PLANTS – ANGIOSPERMIC OVULE STRUCTURE AND TYPES


STRUCTURE, DEVELOPMENT AND REPRODUCTION IN FLOWERING PLANTS – ANGIOSPERMIC OVULE STRUCTURE AND TYPES

STRUCTURE, DEVELOPMENT AND REPRODUCTION IN FLOWERING PLANTS – EMBRYOGENESIS AND DEVELOPMENT OF EMBRYO IN MONOCOTS AND DICOTS


STRUCTURE, DEVELOPMENT AND REPRODUCTION IN FLOWERING PLANTS – EMBRYOGENESIS AND DEVELOPMENT OF EMBRYO IN MONOCOTS AND DICOTS

STRUCTURE, DEVELOPMENT AND REPRODUCTION IN FLOWERING PLANTS – ENDOSPERM DEVELOPMENT STRUCTURE AND TYPES


STRUCTURE, DEVELOPMENT AND REPRODUCTION IN FLOWERING PLANTS – ENDOSPERM DEVELOPMENT STRUCTURE AND TYPES

STRUCTURE, DEVELOPMENT AND REPRODUCTION IN FLOWERING PLANTS – EPHEDRA MORPHOLOGY ANATOMY AND REPRODUCTION


STRUCTURE, DEVELOPMENT AND REPRODUCTION IN FLOWERING PLANTS – EPHEDRA MORPHOLOGY ANATOMY AND REPRODUCTION

STRUCTURE, DEVELOPMENT AND REPRODUCTION IN FLOWERING PLANTS – INFLORESCENCE AND IT'S TYPE


STRUCTURE, DEVELOPMENT AND REPRODUCTION IN FLOWERING PLANTS – INFLORESCENCE AND IT'S TYPE

STRUCTURE, DEVELOPMENT AND REPRODUCTION IN FLOWERING PLANTS – POLLEN PISTIL INTERACTION


STRUCTURE, DEVELOPMENT AND REPRODUCTION IN FLOWERING PLANTS – POLLEN PISTIL INTERACTION

STRUCTURE, DEVELOPMENT AND REPRODUCTION IN FLOWERING PLANTS – POLLINATION


STRUCTURE, DEVELOPMENT AND REPRODUCTION IN FLOWERING PLANTS – POLLINATION

STRUCTURE, DEVELOPMENT AND REPRODUCTION IN FLOWERING PLANTS - POLLINATOR ATTRACTION AND REWARDS FOR THEM


STRUCTURE, DEVELOPMENT AND REPRODUCTION IN FLOWERING PLANTS - POLLINATOR ATTRACTION AND REWARDS FOR THEM

STRUCTURE, DEVELOPMENT AND REPRODUCTION IN FLOWERING PLANTS - SEXUAL INCOMPATIBILITY


STRUCTURE, DEVELOPMENT AND REPRODUCTION IN FLOWERING PLANTS - SEXUAL INCOMPATIBILITY

STRUCTURE, DEVELOPMENT AND REPRODUCTION IN FLOWERING PLANTS - STRUCTURE OF CARPEL AND FEMALE GAMETOPHYTE


STRUCTURE, DEVELOPMENT AND REPRODUCTION IN FLOWERING PLANTS - STRUCTURE OF CARPEL AND FEMALE GAMETOPHYTE

STRUCTURE, DEVELOPMENT AND REPRODUCTION IN FLOWERING PLANTS - STRUCTURE OF STAMEN AND MALE GAMETOPHYTE


STRUCTURE, DEVELOPMENT AND REPRODUCTION IN FLOWERING PLANTS - STRUCTURE OF STAMEN AND MALE GAMETOPHYTE