February 03, 2016

Present Perfect Tense(DAY-22)

Perfect Tenses
Present Perfect Tense
The first thing to understand is that in present perfect tense, we use the third form of the verb. The second thing to understand in present perfect tenses is that we use it for
Subject + has/have + V3 + Object 
1.   Just completed actions
a.   The bell has just rung.
b.   Sir has just come.
2.   When an action has still an effect in the present.
a.   I have cut my finger.
b.   I have got the first rank.
3.   When we want to know whether an action has happened or not, not really when it happened.
a.   Have you completed your homework?
b.   Have you ever seen the Taj Mahal?
4.   When we want to talk about actions done till now.
a.   I have waited for you till now.
b.   He has not come yet.

Activities

Activity – 1 - Just Completed actions.

Complete the next sentence using present perfect tense to the following sentences.

1.   The bell has rung (students become silent) – Students have become silent
2.   Power has gone (system shutdown)
3.   He has got the first rank(parents become happy)
4.   His grandfather has died (people come to his house)
5.   The boss has come to the office (everyone stop chatting)
6.   Accident has happened (the man die)
7.   She has sung beautifully (everyone get up to clap)
8.   Shehwag has hit the six (India win)


Activity – 2 – Effect in the Present

The following actions took place and the effect is felt even now. Make present perfect sentences.

1.  meet, with an accident – He has met with an accident.
2.  I fail, exam
3.  Suresh win, singing competition
4.  The company make, huge profits
5.  She had a baby.
6.  I buy bike
7.  My best friend Kranti, start a school
8.  Terrorists bomb the building

Activity – 3 - When we want to know whether an action has
happened or not, not really when it happened.

Use the clues and make sentences in present perfect tense.

During a marriage function
1.  Cars arrive?
2.  Priest come?
3.  Band come?
4.  You call bridegroom?
5.  You call catering agency?

Other real life examples.
1.  You pass?
2.  You see the latest NTR movie?
3.  You have lunch?
4.  You hear the latest news?
5.  India win?

Activity – 4 - When we want to talk about actions done till now

Use the clues and make sentences in present perfect tense.

1.  I wait till now.                                  5.  I not study for exams yet.
2.  I not complete homework yet.       6.  I cook till now.
3.  He not come yet.                            7.  I sleep till now.

4.  They not print posters yet. 8.  She hold meeting till now.