ENGLISH GRAMMAR

ENGLISH GRAMMAR


English is a very beautiful and simple language. It can be learnt, perfected and mastered very easily if you understand its structure. English is a much simpler language than many Indian languages. But most people do not know this. They are afraid of English. They find it very difficult to form correct sentences. This part is intended to make you perfect in English structure.

The two wonders of English grammar

What is the different between a broken English and perfect English? It such a wonder that there are 2 things that come in when you form a sentence. The first wonder is that you have to place the right form of the verb when you make a sentence.

In English there are 4 forms of verbs. We can call it v1, v2, v3, v4. For example, you take go. Go doesn’t have only one word as that meaning of that verb. It has 3 more forms.

Go went gone going

When we add ing to v1 form then we will get v4 form. So there are 4 forms to every verb.

Sing sang sung singing

Play played played playing

Swim swam swum swimming

Ring rang rung ringing

Clean cleaned cleaned cleaning and so on…

There is another extraordinary wonder in English. It is the concept of helping verbs. You must have heard of some strange words that is used in English like

am, is, are, can, may, should etc.

What are these? These are helping verbs. Helping verbs come after the subject. The basic structure of English is

Subject + Verb + Object

Why do we need helping verbs? You must completely and thoroughly understand that. Many beginners in English grammar find it very difficult to understand why helping verbs exist and hence they don’t have complete confidence of using them properly. Let us take an example.

He is good.

Now let’s remove the helping verb and just say

He good.

If it is the positive sentence it is ok. In the negative sentence we can add not. So we can say,

He not good.

But when we come to questions we will have a difficulty. Let us see how?

In questions we must stress the question. We can’t say only he good or he not good. In questions there must be some kind of rule by which we know that it is a question. That’s where the importance of the helping verbs come in. Helping verbs make the sense of the question complete. So we have,

He is good

He is not good

What you do is you bring the helping verb before the subject to make it a question.

Is he good?

Isn’t he good?

So, one of the functions of helping verbs is to give the form to make questions. There is another reason why we have helping verbs. It names time. It gives the sense of the time. Without helping verbs we won’t know whether it is a present time, past time or future time.

So, in conclusion there are 2 wonders in English. One is, there are 4 forms of verbs v1, v2, v3, v4 and there are helping verbs. They help us to make questions and they give a sense of time. In fact, that there would be no grammar, there would be no formation of sentences if there is no time. Grammar is time. This will be seen in what follows.

Another beauty of grammar is that some structures are very common in the usage of English. There are 4 structures which come 95% of the time when we use English in regular spoken and written English. These 4 structures are simple present tense, simple past tense, simple future tense and present continuous tense. Let us try to understand how you must name these 4 structures in positive sentences.



*** PRESENT CONTINUOUS – POSITIVE STATEMENTS (DAY-1) (Website Link)

PRESENT CONTINUOUS – POSITIVE STATEMENTS (DAY-1) (YouTube Link)

*** LIST OF HIGH FREQUENCY VERBS  (Website Link)

*** PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE – NEGATIVE STATEMENTS (DAY-2) (Website Link)

PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE – NEGATIVE STATEMENTS (DAY-2) (YouTube Link)

*** PRESENT CONTINUOUS SENTENCES – POSITIVE QUESTIONS (DAY-3) (Website Link)

PRESENT CONTINUOUS SENTENCES – POSITIVE QUESTIONS (DAY-3) (YouTube Link)

*** PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE – NEGATIVE QUESTIONS (DAY-4) (Website Link)

PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE – NEGATIVE QUESTIONS (DAY-4) (YouTube Link)

*** PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE –WH QUESTIONS (DAY-5) (Website Link)

PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE –WH QUESTIONS (DAY-5) (YouTube Link)

*** SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE – (REGULAR ACTION) POSITIVE STATEMENTS (DAY- 6)

SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE – (REGULAR ACTION) POSITIVE STATEMENTS (DAY- 6)

*** SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE – NEGATIVE SENTENCES (DAY- 7) (Website Link)

SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE – NEGATIVE SENTENCES (DAY- 7) (YouTube Link)

*** SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE – POSITIVE QUESTIONS (DAY-8) (Website Link)

SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE – POSITIVE QUESTIONS (DAY-8) (YouTube Link)

*** SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE – NEGATIVE QUESTIONS (DAY-9) (Website Link)

SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE – NEGATIVE QUESTIONS (DAY-9) (YouTube Link)

*** SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE – WH QUESTIONS (DAY-10) (Website Link)

SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE – WH QUESTIONS (DAY-10) (YouTube Link)

*** SIMPLE PAST TENSE – POSITIVE SENTENCES (DAY-11) (Website Link)

SIMPLE PAST TENSE – POSITIVE SENTENCES (DAY-11) (YouTube Link)

*** SIMPLE PAST TENSE – NEGATIVE STATEMENTS (DAY-12) (Website Link)

SIMPLE PAST TENSE – NEGATIVE STATEMENTS (DAY-12) (YouTube Link)

*** SIMPLE PAST TENSE – POSITIVE QUESTIONS (DAY-13) (Website Link)

SIMPLE PAST TENSE – POSITIVE QUESTIONS (DAY-13) (YouTube Link)

*** SIMPLE PAST TENSE – NEGATIVE QUESTIONS (DAY-14) (Website Link)

SIMPLE PAST TENSE – NEGATIVE QUESTIONS (DAY-14) (YouTube Link)

*** SIMPLE PAST TENSE – WH QUESTIONS (DAY-15) (Website Link)

SIMPLE PAST TENSE – WH QUESTIONS (DAY-15) (YouTube Link)

*** SIMPLE FUTURE TENSE – POSITIVE STATEMENTS (DAY-16) (Website Link)

SIMPLE FUTURE TENSE – POSITIVE STATEMENTS (DAY-16) (YouTube Link)

*** SIMPLE FUTURE TENSE – NEGATIVE STATEMENTS (DAY-17) (Website Link)

SIMPLE FUTURE TENSE – NEGATIVE STATEMENTS (DAY-17) (YouTube Link)

*** SIMPLE FUTURE TENSE – POSITIVE QUESTIONS (DAY-18) (Website Link)

SIMPLE FUTURE TENSE – POSITIVE QUESTIONS (DAY-18) (YouTube Link)

*** SIMPLE FUTURE TENSE – NEGATIVE QUESTIONS (DAY-19) (Website Link)

SIMPLE FUTURE TENSE – NEGATIVE QUESTIONS (DAY-19) (YouTube Link)

*** SIMPLE FUTURE TENSE – WH QUESTIONS (DAY-20) (Website Link)

SIMPLE FUTURE TENSE – WH QUESTIONS (DAY-20) (YouTube Link)

*** PAST CONTINUOUS (DAY-21) (Website Link) (YouTube Link)

PAST CONTINUOUS (DAY-21) (YouTube Link)

*** PRESENT PERFECT TENSE (DAY-22) (Website Link)

PRESENT PERFECT TENSE (DAY-22) (YouTube Link)

*** PAST PERFECT TENSE (DAY-23) (Website Link)

PAST PERFECT TENSE (DAY-23) (YouTube Link)

*** PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE (DAY-24) (Website Link)

PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE (DAY-24) (YouTube Link)

*** JOINING TWO OR MORE SENTENCES (DAY 25-26) (Website Link)

JOINING TWO OR MORE SENTENCES (DAY 25) (YouTube Link)

JOINING TWO OR MORE SENTENCES (DAY 26) (YouTube Link)

*** BASIC MODALS (DAY-27) (Website Link)

BASIC MODALS (DAY-27) (YouTube Link)

*** HIGHER MODALS (DAY-28) (Website Link)

HIGHER MODALS (DAY-28) (YouTube Link)

*** PRONOUNS (DAY-29) (Website Link)

*** PREPOSITIONS (DAY 30-32) (Website Link)

*** THE PASSIVE VOICE (DAY 33 - 50) (Website Link)

THE PASSIVE VOICE (DAY 33 - 50) - 1 (YouTube Link)

THE PASSIVE VOICE (DAY 33 - 50) – 2 (YouTube Link)

THE PASSIVE VOICE (DAY 33 - 50) – 3 (YouTube Link)

THE PASSIVE VOICE (DAY 33 - 50) – 4 (YouTube Link)

THE PASSIVE VOICE (DAY 33 - 50) – 5 (YouTube Link)

Spoken English


After we have learnt grammar concepts we must start using them to be good in Spoken English. It is not enough to practice only a few examples. You must do at least around 2000 sentences practice in conversations. Also you must be thorough with basic vocabulary used in spoken and written English. This section gives you a practice of more than 2000 sentences using important vocabulary. We have given both sentences & conversations for editing. The Key is at the end.

Mastering Tenses and Basic Verbs (Day 1-5)

Mastering Conversations (Day 6-30)-I

Mastering Conversations (Day 6-30)-II

Mastering Conversations (Day 6-30)-III

Mastering Conversations (Day 6-30)-IV

Mastering Conversations (Day 6-30)-V

Mastering Conversations (Day 31-40)
Role plays (Day 41 - 50)

Conclusion

This brings us to the end but for you this should be the beginning. You have understood how English is constructed. You have seen the English structure in various contexts. By now, we are sure you know what is the correct form of English. You also have learnt expressions and vocabulary. That is needed for effective written and spoken English. 

Now you must go on from here and do lots of reading, lots of writing, lots of listening and watching. You must become better and better with each day. You will reach the day when you have an absolute command on English and this foundation will always stay with you and actually will get strengthened. 

Happy learning...!

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MASTER BASIC VOCABULARY (VERBS) 


(1) Master Basic Vocabulary (Verbs) – Spelling and Usage in Sentences-(A)

(2) Master Basic Vocabulary (Verbs) – Spelling and Usage in Sentences-(B)

(3) Master Basic Vocabulary (Verbs) – Spelling and Usage in Sentences-(C)

(4) Master Basic Vocabulary (Verbs) – Spelling and Usage in Sentences-(D)

(5) Master Basic Vocabulary (Verbs) – Spelling and Usage in Sentences-(E)

(6) Master Basic Vocabulary (Verbs) – Spelling and Usage in Sentences-(F)

(7) Master Basic Vocabulary (Verbs) – Spelling and Usage in Sentences-(G and H)

(8) Master Basic Vocabulary (Verbs) – Spelling and Usage in Sentences-(I)

(9) Master Basic Vocabulary (Verbs) – Spelling and Usage in Sentences-(J to L)

(10) Master Basic Vocabulary (Verbs) – Spelling and Usage in Sentences-(M to O)

(11) Master Basic Vocabulary (Verbs) – Spelling and Usage in Sentences-(P)

(12) Master Basic Verbs – Spelling and Usage in Sentences (R)

(13) Master Basic Verbs – Spelling and Usage in Sentences (S)

(14) Master Basic Verbs – Spelling and Usage in Sentences (T to Z)