English is a very beautiful and simple language. It can be learnt, perfected and mastered very easily if you understand its structure. English is a much simpler language than many Indian languages. But most people do not know this. They are afraid of English. They find it very difficult to form correct sentences. This part is intended to make you perfect in English structure.
The two wonders of English grammar
What is the different between a broken English and perfect English? It such a wonder that there are 2 things that come in when you form a sentence. The first wonder is that you have to place the right form of the verb when you make a sentence.
In English there are 4 forms of verbs. We can call it v1, v2, v3, v4. For example, you take go. Go doesn’t have only one word as that meaning of that verb. It has 3 more forms.
Go went gone going
When we add ing to v1 form then we will get v4 form. So there are 4 forms to every verb.
Sing sang sung singing
Play played played playing
Swim swam swum swimming
Ring rang rung ringing
Clean cleaned cleaned cleaning and so on…
There is another extraordinary wonder in English. It is the concept of helping verbs. You must have heard of some strange words that is used in English like
am, is, are, can, may, should etc.
What are these? These are helping verbs. Helping verbs come after the subject. The basic structure of English is
Subject + Verb + Object
Why do we need helping verbs? You must completely and thoroughly understand that. Many beginners in English grammar find it very difficult to understand why helping verbs exist and hence they don’t have complete confidence of using them properly. Let us take an example.
He is good.
Now let’s remove the helping verb and just say
If it is the positive sentence it is ok. In the negative sentence we can add not. So we can say,
He not good.
But when we come to questions we will have a difficulty. Let us see how?
In questions we must stress the question. We can’t say only he good or he not good. In questions there must be some kind of rule by which we know that it is a question. That’s where the importance of the helping verbs come in. Helping verbs make the sense of the question complete. So we have,
He is good
He is not good
What you do is you bring the helping verb before the subject to make it a question.
Is he good?
Isn’t he good?
So, one of the functions of helping verbs is to give the form to make questions. There is another reason why we have helping verbs. It names time. It gives the sense of the time. Without helping verbs we won’t know whether it is a present time, past time or future time.
So, in conclusion there are 2 wonders in English. One is, there are 4 forms of verbs v1, v2, v3, v4 and there are helping verbs. They help us to make questions and they give a sense of time. In fact, that there would be no grammar, there would be no formation of sentences if there is no time. Grammar is time. This will be seen in what follows.
Another beauty of grammar is that some structures are very common in the usage of English. There are 4 structures which come 95% of the time when we use English in regular spoken and written English. These 4 structures are simple present tense, simple past tense, simple future tense and present continuous tense. Let us try to understand how you must name these 4 structures in positive sentences.
After we have learnt grammar concepts we must start using them to be good in Spoken English. It is not enough to practice only a few examples. You must do at least around 2000 sentences practice in conversations. Also you must be thorough with basic vocabulary used in spoken and written English. This section gives you a practice of more than 2000 sentences using important vocabulary. We have given both sentences & conversations for editing. The Key is at the end.
This brings us to the end but for you this should be the beginning. You have understood how English is constructed. You have seen the English structure in various contexts. By now, we are sure you know what is the correct form of English. You also have learnt expressions and vocabulary. That is needed for effective written and spoken English.
Now you must go on from here and do lots of reading, lots of writing, lots of listening and watching. You must become better and better with each day. You will reach the day when you have an absolute command on English and this foundation will always stay with you and actually will get strengthened.